Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry -- Section 18 of General Chemistry Notes is 22 pages in length (page 18-1 through page 18-22) and covers ALL you'll need to know on the following lecture/book topics:

SECTION 18 - Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

18-1 -- The Importance of Transition Metals
· The d-block Metals
18-2 -- General Properties of Transition Metals
· The Addition of Core Electrons to Inner d-orbitals and f-orbitals
· Chemical Properties and Physical Properties
· The Formation of Ionic Compounds
· Multiple Oxidation States
· Complex Ions and Paramagnetism
18-4 -- Electron Configurations
· The Diagonal Rule
· Oxidation States (Oxidation Numbers)
18-5 -- Ionization Energy Trends
18-5 -- Atomic Radius Trends and Ionic Radius Trends
· The Lanthanide Contraction
18-6 -- Coordination Compounds
· Complex Ions, Ligands, and Counterions
· Paramagnetic Complexes vs. Diamagnetic Complexes
· Oxidation Numbers vs. Coordination Number
· Geometries of Complex Ions (Linear, Tetrahedral, Square Planar, Octahedral)
18-8 -- Ligands (“Coordinate Covalent Bonds”)
· Monodentate Ligands (Unidentate Ligands) and Bidentate Ligands
· The Oxalate Ligand and the Ethylenediamine Ligand
· Polydentate Ligands
· EDTA, a Hexadentate Ligand
· Chelating Ligands (“Chelates”)
18-10 -- Naming Coordination Compounds
· Names of Some Common Ligands
18-12 -- Isomerism of Complex Ions
· Isomers and Types of Isomerism
18-12 -- Structural Isomers
· Coordination Isomerism
· Linkage Isomerism
18-13 -- Stereoisomerism
· Geometrical Isomerism (Cis-Trans Isomers)
· Optical Isomerism
· Enantiomers and Chiral Compounds
18-16 -- Hybridization
· sp Hybridized Complexes (linear)
· sp3 Hybridized Complexes (tetrahedral, square planar)
· d2sp3 Hybridized Complexes (octahedral)
18-16 -- The Crystal Field Model
· Magnetic Properties of Complex Ions
· Ligands as “Negative Point-Charges”
· d-orbital Splitting: the "eg set" vs. the "t2g set"
18-17 -- Crystal Field Splitting
· Strong-Field Case (Large Splitting, Low-Spin)
· Weak-Field Case (Small Splitting, High-Spin)
· Strong-Field Ligands vs. Weak-Field Ligands
18-20 -- Why are Transition Metal Complexes Usually Colored?
· Complimentary Colors
· Ground States vs. Excited States

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Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

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