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Section 18 Notes - Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry - Section 18 of General Chemistry Notes is 22 pages in length (page 18-1 through page 18-22) and covers ALL you'll need to know on the following lecture/textbook topics:

SECTION 18 - Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

18-1 -- The Importance of Transition Metals
  · The d-block Metals
18-2 -- General Properties of Transition Metals
  · The Addition of Core Electrons to Inner d-orbitals and f-orbitals
  · Chemical Properties and Physical Properties
  · The Formation of Ionic Compounds
  · Multiple Oxidation States
  · Complex Ions and Paramagnetism
18-4 -- Electron Configurations
  · The Diagonal Rule
  · Oxidation States (Oxidation Numbers)
18-5 -- Ionization Energy Trends
18-5 -- Atomic Radius Trends and Ionic Radius Trends
  · The Lanthanide Contraction
18-6 -- Coordination Compounds
  · Complex Ions, Ligands, and Counterions
  · Paramagnetic Complexes vs. Diamagnetic Complexes
  · Oxidation Numbers vs. Coordination Number
  · Geometries of Complex Ions (Linear, Tetrahedral, Square Planar, Octahedral)
18-8 -- Ligands (“Coordinate Covalent Bonds”)
  · Monodentate Ligands (Unidentate Ligands) and Bidentate Ligands
  · The Oxalate Ligand and the Ethylenediamine Ligand
  · Polydentate Ligands
  · EDTA, a Hexadentate Ligand
  · Chelating Ligands (“Chelates”)
18-10 -- Naming Coordination Compounds
  · Names of Some Common Ligands
18-12 -- Isomerism of Complex Ions
  · Isomers and Types of Isomerism
18-12 -- Structural Isomers
  · Coordination Isomerism
  · Linkage Isomerism
18-13 -- Stereoisomerism
  · Geometrical Isomerism (Cis-Trans Isomers)
  · Optical Isomerism
  · Enantiomers and Chiral Compounds
18-16 -- Hybridization
  · sp Hybridized Complexes (linear)
  · sp3 Hybridized Complexes (tetrahedral, square planar)
  · d2sp3 Hybridized Complexes (octahedral)
18-16 -- The Crystal Field Model
  · Magnetic Properties of Complex Ions
  · Ligands as “Negative Point-Charges”
  · d-orbital Splitting: the "eg set" vs. the "t2g set"
18-17 -- Crystal Field Splitting
  · Strong-Field Case (Large Splitting, Low-Spin)
  · Weak-Field Case (Small Splitting, High-Spin)
  · Strong-Field Ligands vs. Weak-Field Ligands
18-20 -- Why are Transition Metal Complexes Usually Colored?
  · Complimentary Colors
  · Ground States vs. Excited States
 

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